Denmark (from Old Norse: Danes mark) is a Scandinavian country located in Northern Europe.
Denmark called together with Greenland and the Faroe Islands, officially the Kingdom of Denmark. Denmark borders Germany to the south and is surrounded by garden: North Sea (North Sea), the Skagerrak and the Kattegat on the west, north, and east of Jutland, the Kattegat and the Baltic Sea north and south of the Danish islands. Denmark consists of the peninsula of Jutland and 443 named islands, small islands and islets.
The earliest evidence of human presence in Denmark today is 100 thousand years back, although the area was first inhabited in the Palaeolithic. During the Viking Age and later Danish 'contact with the outside world importance, including participation in the Kalmar Union and other unions. As a result of the Reformation, the country took part in the Protestant side in the Thirty Years War. In 1660 absolute monarchy was introduced. The Danish Constitution was signed 5 June 1849, which marked the start of a representative form of government. Germany occupied Denmark during the second World War and the end of the war, Denmark was liberated. Thereafter, the country entered into NATO and later EC (now the EU). The country has had a large influx of immigrants in the 80s and 90s.
The Danish population is a mixture of ethnic Danes and immigrants and is estimated to be approx. 5.5 million inhabitants.
Danish is the official language. Denmark is a constitutional monarchy, and the Prime Minister acts as head of government, while Parliament is the legislature. The country is divided into 5 regions and 98 municipalities. Denmark considered with a GDP of 203.519 billion U.S. $ as a rich country, and more than half of the working population is employed in the service sector.
Denmark has considerable sources of oil and natural gas in the North Sea and ranks as number 32 in the world among net exporters of crude oil. Production totaled 259,980 barrels of crude oil per day in 2009. Most electricity is produced from coal, but 16-19% of the electricity comes from wind turbines. Denmark has long been a leader in wind energy, and as of May 2011 derived 3.1% of its gross domestic product from renewable energy sources (clean) energy technology and energy efficiency, or around 6.5 billion euros. Denmark is associated with electric transmission lines to other European countries. Denmark has integrated fluctuating and variable energy sources such as wind power in the grid.
Denmark's infrastructure is well-developed and generally in good condition and consists mainly of ordinary roads, highways and a railway network with two main train companies, Arriva and DSB. Denmark is one of the countries in the world with the most kilometers of motorway per. capita. Trucks are often the part of the transport chain that delivers goods to the final destination, and therefore dominates the Danish goods. It also stands for approx. 80 per cent. of the total freight ships and ferries stand for approx. 19 per cent., While the railroad is responsible for only about. 1 per cent. More than 170 million passengers annually transported on the network. There are five international airports in Denmark, Kastrup Airport, with almost 21 million passengers annually is Scandinavia's largest airport. It functions as an airport not just for Danes, but also for large parts of the southern Swedish population. Other major airports are Billund in Jutland and Aalborg, Esbjerg and Aarhus.
As one of the world's largest shipping nations, Denmark has an extensive færgenetverk, both at home and abroad. The ferries are used but not especially to the various parts of the country, since they are associated with Small and Great Belt Bridge. DR is Denmark's public broadcaster and the country has 26 television stations, plus 51 repeaters. Internet and mobile phones are widely used, there are more than twice as many mobile phones than normal phones.
Denmark has several popular sports. Football is the country's most popular sport, with a rich history of international competition. Denmark's numerous beaches and resorts are popular locations for fishing, canoeing, kayaking and a variety of other water-themed sports. Other popular sports include golf, tennis, cycling and indoor sports such as badminton, handball and various forms of gymnastics. In speedway racing Denmark has won several world championships, including the World Speedway and Speedway World Cup in 2006 and 2008. In 1992 won the national football team European Championship. As of January 2012 the national handball team of the current reigning European champions, and the team with the most medals won in EM history on the men's side with a total of five medals, there were two gold medals (2008, 2012), and three bronze medals (2002, 2004 and 2006).